ABOUT INTIMATE HYGIENE

Common disorders

Modern lifestyle habits such as restrictive clothing or synthetic materials, oral contraceptives, and poor intimate hygiene can be responsible for alterations in the vaginal flora and cause vaginal discomforts.

The most common discomforts related to an unbalanced vaginal ecosystem are:
Itching
Burning
Excessive vaginal discharge
Bad odor
Dryness
Painful sexual intercourse

The most common causes for intimate discomforts are:
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common type of vaginal infection. It is caused by an
  imbalance of bacteria that normally live in the vagina, and an overgrowth of bad bacteria such
  as Gardnerella vaginalis. The most common symptoms are smelly vaginal discharge (“fishy"
  smell), itching and burning.
Yeast infections can cause itching, burning and sometimes pain. Candidiasis is a common
  vulvovaginal yeast infection, frequently associated to bacterial vaginosis. It is caused by
  Candida albicans. Factors that increase the risk of developing a yeast infection include the use
  of broad-spectrum antibiotics that might kill good bacteria in the vagina, leading to the
  overgrowth of yeast, increased estrogen levels, in pregnant women or those taking EHT, women
  with diabetes or with an impaired immune system.
Vaginal inflammation is often associated with bacteria or other harmful microorganisms,
  but can also be caused by allergies (to latex condoms or to synthetic underwear),
  irritations (tight clothes or sports), or scratching. In all these cases, good personal hygiene is
  the best way to avoid the inflammation and strengthen natural defenses.
Excessive washing and use of harsh products
Age-related hormone deficiency results in the thinning of the vaginal wall and a decrease
  in lubrication. The vaginal mucosa becomes less hydrated and less elastic, leading to vaginal
  dryness, pain during sexual activity and itching.

When experiencing vaginal discomforts (abnormal discharge, odor, or itch) do not hesitate to seek advice from your gynecologist.